Research paper format APA

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General Tips on how to write research paper format APA:
Impersonal style – as a guideline minimize using first person (e.g., “this study was
conducted…” rather than “we conducted this study…”) although there are
Do not include any personal statements or anecdotes (e.g., “I was interested in
studying eating disorders because my sister was diagnosed with…” does not
belong in a research paper format APA!)
Verb tense – as a guideline use past tense (e.g., “the results indicated” rather than
“the results indicate”) although there are exceptions
Contractions – do not use contractions! (e.g., “it does not follow” rather than “it
Biased language– keep up to date with appropriate terms, especially if you are
writing a research paper format APA that involves gender, race, ethnicity, sexual orientation, etc.
Citations – be sure to cite your sources. Try to paraphrase as much as possible (as
opposed to quoting)
Sections of research paper format APA:
Title Page
Should include a running head (an abbreviated title, no more than 50
characters long and is in all capital letters) and page number, title, author
name(s), and affiliation – all double-spaced (should not include instructor’s
name, name of the course, etc.)
Title – centered about half-way down page
Name – centered under titled
Affiliation – school you are attending; centered under name(s)
Should include a basic description of the study in about one sentence per
section of a research paper format APA
Should be between 150 – 250
Introduction – Should include:
Clear and explicit introduction of the construct being investigated
All constructs should be accurately and clearly defined
Literature review conveys what is known about the construct under investigation
Literature used in review is appropriate (i.e., from a professional journal)
Literature used in review is accurate in ideas
Logical presentation of ideas (i.e., no illogical jumps or omissions)
Research proposed is discussed in the context of what is already known
Hypotheses are stated
Should provide sufficient information to allow reader to easily replicate study, including:
Describe how many (N=), gender, race/ethnicity, mean age, etc. (any
demographic information that may be relevant to the study) as well as how
participants were recruited
Describe measures or apparatus used, include information about the scale
of any measures as well as validity and reliability if available
Describe the process of conducting the study (e.g., signing of informed
consent, the order of procedures – or questionnaires, if or how participants
were compensated for their time, any debriefing procedure, etc.)
Results – Should include:
Appropriate statistics
This will depend on the design of your study; see your instructor with
questions pertaining to the appropriate statistical test to use
The exact value is reported, for instance p = .02, NOT p < .05
Appropriate presentation of statistics
An example of appropriate presentation for an ANOVA is given below;
consult the APA Manual (or your instructor) regarding appropriate
presentation for differing statistics (i.e., how to present a t-test vs. an
Appropriate interpretation of statistics
Be sure you are interpreting the meaning of your results accurately (e.g.,
p= .04 = significant result); know what the numbers mean
Discussion – Should include:
A clear statement of support or nonsupport of the original hypotheses
An exploration of the similarities and differences between the present findings
and the work of others, including relating findings to applicable theory
A description of limitations and alternative explanations
Commentary on the importance and implications of the findings
Should be in alphabetical order